Stem Cell Transplantation Reduces Type 1 Diabetes

People with type 1 diabetes will generally depend on insulin injections. But women with type 1 diabetes might be treated with stem cell transplantation.

Type 1 diabetes is a condition in which the body can not produce insulin, the hormone used by mammals to convert glucose from food into energy.

Researchers from Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, develops from endometrial stem cell transplant useful for producing insulin. Endometrial cells will be converted into beta cells that can produce insulin, as quoted from VOANews, Monday (09/05/2011).

Louis DePaolo as head of the Reproductive Sciences Branch at the U.S. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development said that, in this study the researchers injected the cells that had been converted into the membrane surrounding the kidney pancreas in mice suffering from type 1 diabetes.

The results mice that have cell transplant will look much healthier than those who did not, while mice that did not ditrasnplantasi cells undergo cataract. So far known to trigger diabetes cataracts.

The results of this study are expected to be useful for people with type 1 diabetes is where the pancreas does not produce enough insulin. But it will be less beneficial for patients with type 2 diabetes because the pancreas can still produce insulin but the body has trouble using it.

Researchers from Yale University to obtain the stem cells derived from hysterectomy procedures, these cells are later in the transplant. Research on the conversion of endometrial cells into beta cells that produce insulin are published in the journal Molecular Therapy.